Eliud Kipchoge was again named Male Athlete of the Year at the World Athletics Awards in Monaco.
The Kenyan took the accolade for a second year running after winning the London Marathon in April and then during October he became the first runner to finish a marathon in under two hours around a specially tailored course in Vienna.
The 35-year-old Olympic and world champion said: "I hope I inspired the human race.
"I'm just really happy for making history. I hope it was a big inspiration to the next generation."
World 400m hurdles champion Dalilah Muhammad took the Female Athlete of the Year award, having broken the world record twice during 2019.
"It's been a tough year, but I'm so thankful. I never imagined ending the year like this," the American said at the awards ceremony, reported by worldathletics.org.
Ethiopia's Selemon Barega, the world 5000m silver medallist, was named the Male Rising Star, with Ukrainian high-jumper Yaroslava Mahuchikh taking the Female Rising Star award.
The Fair Play Award went to Braima Suncar Dabo, who helped fellow runner Jonathan Busby during the 5000m heats at the World Athletics Championships in Doha.
British journalist Vikki Orvice, who died earlier this year following a lengthy battle with breast cancer, was honoured with the President's Award.
World Athletics president Lord Coe said: "I have chosen a trailblazer in not just our sport, but all sport.
"She was a game-changer in journalism. She loved athletics, she loved her life and she wanted to make the most of every minute."