Triple Crown facts and figures

  • Last Updated: September 14 2012, 13:20 BST

With Camelot poised to make history by becoming the first horse in 42 years to win the Triple Crown, here are 10 facts about the heritage of the famous Classic hat-trick.

Nijinsky: The last Triple Crown winner

:: Just 12 horses, and only one since the Second World War, have won the Triple Crown of 2000 Guineas, the Derby (one and a half miles) and St Leger (one and three quarter miles). Three others have completed the Classic treble, but that was during the First World War and are not generally recognised.

:: The term was coined in 1853 when the trio of races was won for the first time by West Australian.

:: Sir Tatton Sykes should have achieved it in 1846. The colt won the 2000 Guineas and later the St Leger, but his jockey Bill Scott arrived at the start of the Derby hopelessly drunk on brandy.

He lost several lengths after arguing with the starter, but his horse eventually lost by only a neck.

:: In the 19th Century, there were seven more Triple Crown winners after West Australian: Gladiateur (1865); Lord Lyon (1866) who was odds-on for all three races; Ormonde (1886), who was 1-7 on for the St Leger and ridden by the legendary Fred Archer who would commit suicide later the same year; Common (1891); Isinglass (1893); Galtee More (1897); and Flying Fox (1899).

:: There were two more Triple Crown winners before the First World War - Diamond Jubilee (1900), owned by the Prince of Wales who would become King Edward VII, and Rock Sand (1903). All the Classics were run at Newmarket during the war and although three horses completed the Triple Crown most judges discount them.

:: Since then, there have been just two Triple Crown winners - Bahram, owned by the Aga Khan, in 1935, and Nijinsky, ridden by Lester Piggott, in 1970.

:: Bahram is the only Triple Crown winner to have been ridden by two jockeys - Freddie Fox and Charlie Smirke - in the three races.

:: Blue Peter was denied the chance of achieving the Triple Crown in 1939. He had won the 2000 Guineas and the Derby, but the St Leger was cancelled due to the outbreak of the Second World War the weekend before.

:: The fillies' Triple Crown of 1000 Guineas, Oaks and St Leger has been achieved eight times, most recently by Oh So Sharp in 1985.

:: The Triple Crown in American racing is made up of the Kentucky Derby, the Preakness Stakes and the Belmont Stakes.

Eleven horses have won it, most recently Affirmed in 1978.