US Open: Hole-by-hole guide
We bring you a hole-by-hole guide for the 114th US Open being played at the Pinehurst Resort in North Carolina.
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1st, 402 yards, par four: Most players will not hit driver off the tee on this short par four, opting instead to play just short of the point where the fairway narrows dramatically. That will leave a short iron to one of the course's typical domed greens, meaning an approach must be accurate to avoid rolling away from the hole.
2nd, 507 yards, par four: One of a quartet of par fours which can play to more than 500 yards, this slight dog-leg played the most difficult in relation to par in the 2005 US Open. Some relief comes in the shape of a widened driving zone, but the approach shot is to a very severe green given the length of the hole. The right side of the green features a pronounced hump at the front that can repel approach shots.
3rd, 387 yards, par four: Most players will lay up short of the bunker that encroaches on the right. The green sits up in the air and a wayward approach will leave a difficult up and down, particularly from over the green. If the forward tee is used, longer hitters may be tempted to try to drive the green.
4th, 529 yards, par four: The longest par four on the course will play shorter because of the downhill tee shot, which has been restored to the original angle that architect Donald Ross intended. Played as a par five in both previous US Opens, the hole features a dog-leg left tee shot with the fairway sloping from left to right.
5th, 576 yards, par five: Played as a par four in previous US Opens, the fifth will play as a risk-reward par five in 2014. A good tee shot will offer the chance to go for the green in two, albeit from a sloping lie on the fairway. Laying up leaves a demanding approach with the ball likely to be significantly above a right-handed player's feet.
6th, 219 yards, par three: The first, and longest, of the par threes will probably play as the most difficult. The tee shot must carry a depression at the front that is four feet below the level of the green, as well as one of the deepest bunkers on the course at the front left. Once on the putting surface, any putts from the back of the green will be dangerously fast.
7th, 424 yards, par four: A severe dog-leg to the right means most players will not hit driver on this hole, with a left-to-right tee-shot preferred to avoid running out of fairway. The green is protected by a deep bunker on the right but can provide a birdie opportunity with a well-struck approach.
8th, 502 yards, par four: A long par four with a fairway that initially slopes downhill and from left to right, and then uphill and from right to left. Approach shots missing the green left or long will leave a difficult par save, particularly from over the green where the fall-off can be eight or nine feet.
9th, 191 yards, par three: The shortest of the par threes demands an accurate shot to a green with two distinct sections. A back-left hole location looks harder to access, but that area of the green is relatively flat. The front-right section of the green has much more slope and can lead to fast and tricky putts.
10th, 617 yards, par five: The 10th is likely to be a genuine three-shot par five for all but the longest of hitters. A large mound on the right narrows the driving area and the fairway remains tight after this point. Trees protect the left side of the fairway for anyone going for the raised green.
11th, 483 yards, par four: A demanding tee shot is played to a semi-blind landing zone which slopes from left to right. Most players will be left with a mid-iron approach to a green protected on the left by bunkers and a steep run-off area. In contrast, missing to the right of the green leaves the easiest up and down on the course.
12th, 484 yards, par four: Many players will hit driver to the generous landing area, but the second shot requires a precise approach to a green with a dramatic drop-off behind. The putting surface slopes from back to front and has many subtle breaks which could lead to a large number of three-putts.
13th, 382 yards, par four: In contrast to the 12th, it is far better to be long rather than short of the green on the 13th. Anything short of the green on an uphill approach will leave a difficult recovery, but the length of the hole means a birdie is definitely on offer.
14th, 473 yards, par four: The downhill tee shot favours a left-to-right shape to avoid a bunker on the left side of the drive zone. The safe approach shot will be played to the front half of the green, with the putting surface sloping severely from back to front.
15th, 202 yards, par three: The 15th has one of the few greens renovated by Bill Coore and Ben Crenshaw, who restored the right side of the putting surface to its original size. However, the green is still a small target with shots that land on the front portion likely to end up in a collection area.
16th, 528 yards, par four: The only hole which features a water hazard, although it is not in play for the professionals. A tee shot down the left of the fairway can get a welcome bounce forward on this lengthy par four. The green has a pronounced slope from back to front.
17th, 205 yards, par three: Although the 17th is a similar distance to the 15th, the green is much larger and easier to hit. The toughest hole location is behind the bunker on the right-hand side but it played the easiest par three in 2005 and offers a good chance for a potentially decisive late birdie.
18th, 451 yards, par four: The fairway looks wider from the tee than it actually is thanks to an S-shaped landing area that is slightly uphill and hidden from the player. A hollow on the right of the green creates a two-tier look and a back-right hole location can be expected for the final round, just as it was when Payne Stewart saved par to win the 1999 US Open.