F1 looks to cut costs
Formula One has slashed testing for next year in a bid to cut costs.
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Following a meeting of the World Motor Sport Council in Munich, a number of new regulations are to come into force in 2015 that now cannot be altered unless there is unanimous agreement of all teams.
Notably, there will be three pre-season tests of four days each in Europe only in 2015, to be reduced to two tests of four days in 2016.
Earlier this year, after complaints about lack of testing time due to poor weather conditions in Europe, F1 ventured to Bahrain for two four-day tests to take advantage of the sunnier climes.
In-season testing, that returned this year with four two-day tests, has been trimmed to just two periods of two days, with one day of each to be given over to young drivers.
Other restrictions include wind-tunnel usage, cut from 80 hours per week to 65, and a reduction in CFD (computational fluid dynamics).
All are designed to save teams money, but many believe such cuts do not go far enough given the exorbitant sums spent by the larger organisations.
Other key changes see a reduction in the number of power units to be used over the course of the season, from five this term to four next.
However, perhaps as an indicator to next year's calendar, the WMSC has stated if there are more than 20 races in a season the number will increase to five.
A penalty for a complete change of power unit, meanwhile, will force the driver to start from the back of the grid, not the pit lane.
The WMSC has confirmed that from 2015 restarts following a safety car period will no longer be rolling, but now standing from the grid.
There are two exceptions, however, as standing starts will not apply if the safety car period is used within two laps of the start or if there are less than five laps of the race remaining.
There are also a number of technical regulations changes, with the most crucial being those surrounding the nose of the car.
Not only will there be improved safety, but after severe criticism at the start of this year when the cars were unveiled, the noses will be "more aesthetically-pleasing structures", according to the WMSC.
Titanium skid plates also return from 2015, designed to give off sparks and enhance the show as they once did many years ago.
Finally, the WMSC has confirmed there will be no ban on tyre blankets, as was planned, following complaints from the teams.