Adil Rashid took five for 117 as Yorkshire completed a vital innings and 18-run victory over Lancashire at Emirates Old Trafford and took a massive step towards winning the LV= County Championship for the first time since 2001.
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The win was Yorkshire's first in 16 Roses matches, a run stretching back to 2002, but even this triumphant assertion of local pride will matter little compared to the importance of helping Andrew Gale's team secure the title.
On the day when fellow title-challengers Nottinghamshire lost to Durham at Chester-le-Street,
the win at Old Trafford leaves Yorkshire 26 points ahead of the Trent Bridge side going into next week's game between the top two in Nottingham.
For Lancashire, Durham's victory and the defeat to Yorkshire leaves Glen Chapple's team very deep in relegation trouble and the Old Trafford outfit probably need to win their last two matches to avoid the drop.
However, it took Yorkshire some time to assert their superiority on the final day in Manchester.
In the morning session Lancashire scored 97 runs for the loss of both Ashwell Prince and Steven Croft, both wickets being claimed by Rashid, who bowled unchanged throughout the 36-over session.
Prince was caught down the leg side by Bairstow for 40 although the South African did not look too happy with the decision, while Croft fell for 16 to a brilliant one-handed diving catch by second slip Kane Williamson.
However, Usman Khawaja reached his first century for Lancashire when he pushed a single off Steve Patterson, the Australian batsman reaching the landmark off 178 balls. By the interval Khawaja had progressed to 111 not out, Alex Davies was unbeaten on seven and the deficit had been reduced to 91 runs.
The afternoon session, though, belonged entirely to Yorkshire. Jack Brooks dismissed both Davies and Tom Smith with the new ball and then Rashid claimed the vital wicket of Khawaja, who was well stumped by Bairstow for 117, compiled over five hours of painstaking concentration.
Brooks then bowled Chapple before Simon Kerrigan was caught behind off Rashid for a single. A last-wicket stand of 44 between Stephen Parry and Tom Bailey merely delayed the inevitable and double centurion Adam Lyth sealed the win when he bowled Parry for 28.
Brooks finished with three for 61 and Rashid claimed match figures of eight for 194 to add to his vital 159 not out. The only sour note for Yorkshire was supplied by the probability of a ban for Gale following his altercation with Prince on the third evening.